Food, Global Health 4 min

Statins could help restore a healthy gut microbiome in obese people

A cohort study of 900 subjects with varying obesity levels published in Nature on 6 May 2020 has confirmed that obese people are more likely than others to suffer from a disturbed microbiome profile associated with systemic inflammation. But the study found this was not the case in members of this group who were taking statins, suggesting that these cholesterol-reducing drugs could have a beneficial effect on the microbiome. Further investigations are now in progress to see if a causal relationship can be established.

Published on 28 May 2020

illustration Statins could help restore a healthy gut microbiome in obese people
© INRAE, V. Rochet

The MetaCardis project has been looking at the possible role of intestinal microbiota in the development of cardiometabolic disorders such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease by studying a cohort of more than two thousand European subjects, with and without these disorders (see inset below). The first results to be published from this study are those on obesity.

Obesity is associated with a microbiota profile known to encourage inflammation

The fact that microbiota found in obese people typically display relatively low bacterial biodiversity levels is already established. The MetaCardis study has provided us with a rich source of data, revealing that one particular microbiome profile (known as Bact2) is to be found in 19% of obese people, but in only 4% of those who are not obese. This profile is characterised by a high proportion of bacteria of the bacteroides genus, and a low proportion of bacteria with anti-inflammatory properties, such as Faecalibacterium, and is known to be more common in patients suffering from inflammatory disorders of the gut, multiple sclerosis and depression. Where this profile is found in healthy individuals, their inflammation levels are slightly higher than would otherwise be expected.

"Since this microbiome profile is correlated with inflammation, it is no surprise to find that it occurs more often in obese people in whom a so-called 'low-level' inflammatory state is often observed", says Karine Clément, MetaCardis project coordinator. "Indeed, the accumulation of fatty tissue leads to the production of inflammatory molecules, since lymphocytes and macrophages will migrate into such tissue. The presence of these inflammatory cells in turn fosters obesity in a vicious circle and it may well bring about resistance to weight-loss. However, we don’t as yet know whether this high proportion of the Bact2 profile in obese people is a cause or a consequence of obesity-associated inflammation."

Statin treatment eliminates higher occurrence of the Bact2 profile in obese people

The real surprise in this study has been the effect of statins, prescribed to reduce cholesterol in the blood and thereby lower the risk of cardiometabolic diseases.  In obese subjects taking statins, the percentage of those with a Bact2 profile fell to just 6% (compared with 19% in obese subjects not treated with statins). This is close to its occurrence in the rest of the cohort (4%). It thus appears that statin treatment is associated with the maintenance of a healthy gut microbiome.

The study has established a correlation but was not designed to demonstrate a causal effect for statins. It therefore remains to be determined whether these medicines have a direct effect on the composition of the gut microbiome, and in what way. Indirect effects cannot be discounted, for example, it is possible that participants undergoing statin treatment are more conscious of cardiovascular risks, engaging in healthier lifestyles that have a positive impact on their intestinal flora.

The results are nevertheless very promising. Statins are already known to reduce inflammation levels and might thus create an intestinal environment favourable to the development of a balanced microbiome. Elsewhere, the direct impact of statins on bacterial growth has already been demonstrated. Exploratory clinical trials have begun at the Georges-Pompidou European Hospital and the Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris, studying changes in the intestinal microbiota of patients who are just beginning statin treatment. These will enable us to assess the potential therapeutic use of statins to adjust gut microbiota in a beneficial way.

Reference: S. Vieira-Silva et al. Statin therapy is associated with lower prevalence of gut microbiota dysbiosis. Nature, 6 May 2020:


Pascale Molliertranslated by Teresa Bridgeman


Karine ClémentCoordinator of the Metacardis projectInserm/Sorbonne Université, Unité 1269, NutriOmics and Nutrition, Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, AP-HP, Paris

Stanislav EhrlichINRAE, US1367 MGP MetaGenoPolis



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12 December 2019